Date: Tue 13/08/2019 - Sun 14/08/2022
Dispensing Optician Credits: 1 Clinical
Event Type(s): Online
Name: Nikki Byrne
Number: +61 (0)2 8336 8616
Various study methodologies have been used to determine the role of genetics in myopia. Earlier studies surveyed individuals as in traditional epidemiology and later, genetic epidemiology studies targeted groups of individuals with increasing unit size: sibling-pairs or twins, families, and populations. Furthermore, various study methods including segregation, linkage, and association analysis have been applied. While segregation and linkage analysis are preferred in studies of high myopia, association studies are commonly used in investigations of low-to-moderate myopia genetics due to ease in data collection. Although the familial studies in high myopia and pathogenic (syndromic) myopia have provided our fundamental knowledge on genetics of myopia, in this review we will focus on ‘juvenile-onset’ or ‘school myopia’, which often develops and progresses between the ages of six and 17 years.